INCO Terms

Incoterms are worldwide accepted commercial terms that define the respective roles of the buyer and of the seller regarding the arrangement of the transportation and other responsibilities. It also clarifies when the ownership of the merchandise takes place. These incoterms are used in conjunction with a sales contract or other methods of transacting the deal.

TERMS

EXW

FCA

FAS

FOB

CFR

CIF

CPT

SERVICES

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Warehouse storage at point of origin

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Warehouse labor at point of origin

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Export packing

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Loading at point of origin

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Inland freight

Buyer

Buyer(3)

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Port receiving charges

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Forwarders fee

Buyer

Buyer

Seller(2)

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Loading on ocean carrier

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Ocean/ Air freight charges

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Charges at foreign Port/ Airport

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer(3)

Seller

Customs, Duties & Taxes abroad

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Delivery charges to final destination

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

TERMS

CIP(1)

DAF

DES

DEQ

DDU

CIF

DDP

SERVICES

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Who Pays

Warehouse storage at point of origin

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Warehouse labor at point of origin

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Export packing

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Loading at point of origin

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Inland freight

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Port receiving charges

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Forwarders fee

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Loading on ocean carrier

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Ocean/ Air freight charges

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Charges at foreign Port/ Airport

Seller

Seller

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Customs, Duties & Taxes abroad

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer(4)

Buyer

Seller

Delivery charges to final destination

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller


EXW (Ex-Works)
The title and risk passes on to the buyer including the payment of all transportation and insurance cost from the seller’s point. It can be used for any mode of transport.

FCA (Free Carrier)
The title and risk passes on to the buyer including the transportation and insurance cost if the seller delivers the goods cleared for export to the carrier. In this case the seller is obligated to load the goods on the buyer’s collecting vehicle but it is the buyer’s obligation to receive the seller’s arriving vehicle unloaded.

FAS (Free Alongside Ship)
The title and risk passes on to the buyer, including the transportation and insurance payment, once the goods are delivered alongside the ship by the seller. It is only used for the sea or inland waterway transportation and the export clearance obligation rests with the seller.

FOB (Free On Board)
In FOB, the risk passes to buyer, including the transportation and insurance payment, once delivered on board the ship by the seller. It is only used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

CFR (Cost and Freight)
The title, risk and the insurance cost passes on to the buyer if delivered on board the ship by seller who paid the transportation cost to the destination point. It is only used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight)
The title and risk passes on to the buyer if delivered on board the ship by the seller who paid the transportation and insurance cost to the destination port. It is used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

CPT (Carriage Paid To)
The title, risk and insurance cost passes to the buyer if the goods are delivered to the carrier by the seller who pays transportation cost to the destination. It can be used for any mode of transportation. (Also, remove the word "arrow" after the last sentence)

CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid To)
The title and risk passes to the buyer if the goods are delivered to carrier by the seller and he pays transportation and insurance cost to destination. It can be used for any mode of transportation.

DAF (Delivered at Frontier)
The title, risk and responsibility for the import clearance passes on to the buyer if the goods are delivered to named border point by the seller. It can be used for any mode of transportation.

DES (Delivered Ex Ship)
The title, risk, responsibility for the vessel discharge and the import clearance passes on to the buyer when the seller delivers it on board the ship to destination port. It is used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

DEQ (Delivered Ex Quay - Duty Paid)
The title and risk passes to the buyer if the goods are delivered on board the ship at the destination point by the seller who on his part delivers the goods on dock at the destination point cleared for import. It is used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid)
The title, risk and responsibility of the import clearance passes on to the buyer if the seller delivers the goods to named destination point. It can be used for any mode of transportation. Here the buyer is obligated for import clearance.

DDP (Delivered Duty Paid)
The title and risk passes on to the buyer when the seller delivers the goods to the named destination point cleared for the import. It is also used for any mode of transportation.